Antigenic peptides deriving from pcsk2 and uses thereof for the diagnosis and treatment of type 1 diabetes

Despite the notion that human CD8+ T cells are the final mediators of autoimmune β-cell destruction in type 1 diabetes (T1D), none of their target epitopes has been demonstrated to be naturally processed and presented by β cells. The inventors therefore performed an epitope discovery study combining HLA Class I peptidomics and transcriptomics strategies. Inflammatory cytokines increased β-cell peptide presentation in vitro, paralleling upregulation of HLA Class I expression. Peptide sources included known β-cell antigens and several insulin granule proteins. PCSK2 was identified as a novel β-cell antigen, which was processed into HLA-A2-restricted epitopes recognized by circulating naïve CD8+ T cells in type 1 diabetic and healthy donors. Accordingly, the present invention relates to antigenic peptides derived from PCSK2 and uses thereof for the diagnosis and treatment of T1D.



Business Developper
Aymeric Empereur
Aymeric Empereur
Business Developer

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